Textile Properties Table

When designing reinforced rubber sheets or rubber coated textiles the optimum choice of textile or alternative substrate can engineer specific performance characteristics. The information in the table below supplemented by our working knowledge can ensure the right choices are made.

Textiles are varied and versatile materials, above and beyond a choice of yarn the correct decitex (denier), construction, weave and weight specification will have a significant bearing on the rubber / textile composites’ performance. Ensuring excellent adhesion between rubber and textile is part of our skill set. White Cross Rubber Products Ltd can handle woven, knitted, ‘scrim’ and ‘mesh’ textiles or substrates.

Alternative substrate materials

Our capability also extends to a range of alternative substrates demanded in certain applications, this include: woven steel mesh, expanded aluminium mesh and pressed glass cloth webs amongst others.

Textile properties table

(PA Polyamide)
Polyester Glass Cloth Para-aramid (Kevlar®, Twaron®) Meta-aramid (Nomex®) Cotton
Maximum continuous operating temperature  150°C  150°C  300°C  200°C  200°C  90°C
Mechanical strength  Good  Good  Good/Fair  Excellent  Good  Good/Fair
Abrasion resistance  Excellent  Excellent  Fair Good/Excellent  Good Good/Fair
Flex resistance  Good  Good  Fair  Good  Good  Good
Elongation at break  Good/Excellent  Good  Fair  Fair  Good  Fair
Sunlight resistance  Fair  Excellent  Excellent  Fair  Fair  Good
Moisture absorption Medium Low Low Medium Medium High
Alkali resistance  Good/Excellent  Poor/Fair  Good  Good  Good  Good/Fair
Acid resistance  Good/Fair  Good/Excellent  Good  Good  Good  Poor
Fire resistance  Burns slowly  Burns slowly  Self extinguishes  Self extinguishes Self extinguishes  Burns readily